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A New Perspective on Thermodynamics by Bernard H. Lavenda (auth.) PDF

By Bernard H. Lavenda (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1441914293

ISBN-13: 9781441914293

ISBN-10: 1441914307

ISBN-13: 9781441914309

Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda has written a brand new standpoint on Thermodynamics to mix an outdated examine thermodynamics with a brand new origin. The booklet offers a historic point of view, which unravels the present presentation of thermodynamics present in usual texts, and which emphasizes the elemental function that Carnot performed within the improvement of thermodynamics.

A New viewpoint on Thermodynamics will:

  • Chronologically get to the bottom of the improvement of the rules of thermodynamics and the way they have been conceived by way of their discoverers
  • Bring the idea of thermodynamics as much as the current time and point out components of extra improvement with the union of data conception and the speculation of potential and their inequalities. New components contain nonextensive thermodynamics, the thermodynamics of coding conception, multifractals, and unusual attractors.
  • Reintroduce vital, but approximately forgotten, teachings of N.L. Sardi Carnot
  • Highlight conceptual flaws in well timed subject matters equivalent to endoreversible engines, finite-time thermodynamics, geometrization of thermodynamics, and nonequilibrium paintings from equilibrium unfastened strength differences.

Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda is Professor of actual Chemistry at Universita degli Studi di Camerino, Italy. he's recipient of the 2009 Telesio-Galeli Prize in Physics for his paintings on irreversible thermodynamics.

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Extra resources for A New Perspective on Thermodynamics

Example text

The internal energy is now a power ˇ of the temperature. We will return to a discussion of power laws in Chap. 6. 5 Carath´eodory’s Attempt at the Second Law We should spend a few words on Carath´eodory’s formulation of the second law. In Carath´eodory’s attempt at formulating the second law, the integrating factor for heat plays a primary role. Carath´eodory couched the existence of the second law in the impossibility of some process taking place. The process considered was an adiabatic one, and the impossibility of such a process taking place meant that the entropy would always increase or always decrease.

45) Carnot’s [1824, pp. 76–77] principle is as follows: The motive power of heat is independent of the working substances that are used to develop it. The quantity is determined exclusively by the temperatures of the bodies between which, at the end of the process, the passage of caloric has taken place. 45), a T in the denominator is needed. This would make the work proportional to the difference in temperatures of the furnace and refrigerator. 4 Integrating Factors Galore 39 C must be proportional to the absolute temperature.

On this account, in a paper communicated to the Berlin Academy in February 1850, “On the Moving Force of Heat,” in which I brought Carnot’s proposition in agreement with the mechanical theory of heat, I again endeavored to determine his function more accurately. Therein I arrived at the same formula as Holtzmann, and I believe that I then, for the first time, correctly explained the principles upon which this formula is based. Clausius takes grave exception to Thomson’s statement: It was suggested to me by Mr Joule, in a letter dated December 9, 1848, that the true value of might be inversely as the temperature from zero.

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