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Read e-book online A Short History of the Bicycle PDF

By Nicholas Clayton

ISBN-10: 1445648822

ISBN-13: 9781445648828

During this hugely readable e-book, Nicholas Clayton charts the full heritage of the bicycle, a laptop that remains considered as the best technique of translating human strength into movement.

Covering approximately two hundred years of its improvement, the writer examines the technological advancements that experience resulted in the trendy bicycle, together with the hobby-horse, velocipede, boneshaker, tricycle, the pneumatic tire, shaft force, hub-gear, derailleur and so on. He additionally appears at alterations in layout, even if for women' motorcycles or for activity and off-road.The publication is full of attention-grabbing info and anecdotes and the writer tackles such questions as why the penny farthing had this kind of huge entrance wheel or the which means of trail-and-fork-offset.

As the bicycle maintains to develop in acceptance, either as an environmentally pleasant shuttle answer and for activities as diversified as triathlon and cyclo-sportive, this ebook provide you with all of the solutions you would like approximately probably the most creative human innovations.

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Extra info for A Short History of the Bicycle

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After 1830, the new railway provided the means for mass transport and, in direct consequence, road maintenance deteriorated and would not improve until the high-bicyclists of the 1870s began to lobby local government for better roads.  1770/75. Gompertz 1821 patent for an improved velocipede. Louis Gompertz, a founder of the RSPCA and friend of the horse, filed a patent in 1822 for a draisine with the front wheel driven by a toothed quadrant, operated by the handlebar, but it must have been impractical for it never reached production.

It was then applied to the high bicycle, which succeeded it in 1870. By 1878, safer, lever-driven, high bicycles began to be introduced so that, while they were termed safeties, the ordinary high bicycle became simply the ordinary. It is a name still fondly used by the cognoscenti today. Hillman’s 1884 Kangaroo was called a dwarf front-driver and was then overtaken by 1886 by the dwarf rear-drivers of the Rover pattern. Rudge exported their 1886 Bicyclette rear-drive model to France where it supplied an alternative name to le petite reine.

To list just a few: Roller Bearings, 1871 (John Keen); Tubular Frames, 1872, (Ariel); Hollow Forks, 1874 (Jules Truffault); Detachable Cranks, 1876 (J. K. Starley); Rat-trap pedals, 1876 (John Keen); Adjustable Ball Bearings, 1877 (Hughes and Rudge); Hollow rims, 1878 (Coventry Machinists’ Company); Detachable Handlebars, 1878, and Drop Bars, 1879. The last lap. The bicycle of 1880 was indeed King of the Road and those that were young, fit, and rich enough to afford one were indeed blessed. The motion of the ordinary was more exhilarating than that of its predecessor, or indeed that of its immediate successor.

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A Short History of the Bicycle by Nicholas Clayton

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