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Read e-book online Accent and Rhythm: Prosodic Features of Latin and Greek: A PDF

By W. Sidney Allen

ISBN-10: 0521200989

ISBN-13: 9780521200981

In Vox Latina and Vox Graeca Professor Allen was once involved basically with the pronunciation of the person vowels and consonants of classical Latin and Greek. during this significant paintings he analyses extensive and intimately all of the prosodic gains of those languages: size of vowels and volume of syllables, accessory, pitch, rigidity and 'rhythm', with specific recognition to their manifestations in verse. the outline and rationalization of such good points increase theoretical difficulties of very normal value and Professor Allen devotes the 1st a part of the ebook to the institution of the phonetic rules required as a body of reference for the explicit discussions of Latin and Greek. Parallels are brought up from a couple of different languages, together with English. it is a e-book of everlasting significance for college kids of classical languages and literatures and in addition for metricians, phoneticians and basic linguists.

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Extra resources for Accent and Rhythm: Prosodic Features of Latin and Greek: A Study in Theory and Reconstruction

Example text

30 The general and. V could be based on a realization that the inventory of true word-final single consonants in Greek is exceptionally limited, viz. 2 T h e much earlier and probably pre-literate Sanskrit rules for sylla­ bification can hardly have had an orthographic basis;3 they are likely to stem from close phonetic observation, and come much nearer to satisfying other phonological criteria. 4 Phonetic approaches Assuming that it is possible to determine unambiguously for a given language the boundaries between, and so the structure of, syllables on the basis of vowel and consonant distribution, the question may then legitimately be raised whether the syllable is a necessary concept in phonology (thus K ohler 1966; cf.

Io. ) notes that this is no longer normative, and that ‘ prepositions . . are tending to forfeit stress back to the noun’ ; and for Czech Vachek observes (1968, J45 f-): ‘ Λ ε orthoepic norm . . g. pisalby or pisâlby ‘ he would w rite’, where, since Polish words normally have penultimate stress, the first accentuation would imply two separate words and the latter a single word unit. Potential variation of this type may also be utilized by poets for metrical purposes. In Greek, Koster ( i 953 > 5 7 !

C V as a decisive 277 + 421 = 698 (O ’Connor & T rim 1 9 5 3 . 1 2 1 ) · 1 Ancient theories T h e application of this kind of criterion has a long history. g. of Herodian (ii, 393 ff. e. κτου ). Such rules were primarily formulated for practical, graphical purposes o f internal word-division at the ends o f lines,2 and as such were un­ objectionable. g. ήκευ (Herodian, ii, 407 L ); and in fact the syllabic delimitations which they advocate would often be in conflict with other phonological criteria.

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Accent and Rhythm: Prosodic Features of Latin and Greek: A Study in Theory and Reconstruction by W. Sidney Allen


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